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The 38th Death anniversary of Leader MN Larma

Potrait/Papiya Chakma The 38th Death anniversary of Leader MN Larma Editorial Manabendra Narayan Larma (MN Larma ) was born on September...

Potrait/Papiya Chakma

The 38th Death anniversary of Leader MN Larma


Manabendra Narayan Larma (MN Larma) was born on September 15, 1939, in a village called Maorum under the Nanyachar police station in the Rangamati district. Her nickname is Monju. He was called 'Prabahan.' His father's name was Chitta Kishore Chakma, and his mother's name was Subhashini Dewan.

He obtained his Matriculation Certificate from Rangamati Government High School in 1958. He passed HSC from Chittagong Government College in 1960. In 1957 a conference of Hill Jumma students was held. He was the mastermind in making that conference a success.

While in Chittagong as a student, he joined the East Pakistan Students Union in 1958 and actively participated in the struggle.

Artist/Tufan`s Artbin

In 1970, the then government of Pakistan took the initiative to build the Kaptai Dam in the Chittagong Hill Tracts. If Kaptai Dam is built, thousands of Jum people will be displaced, and they will be evicted from their Realizing this, he took the initiative to oppose the construction of the Kaptai Dam. He opposed the construction of Kaptai Dam by publishing a leaflet with the slogan "Kaptai Dam is a death trap for the people of the hills."

The government imprisoned him for this reason. He remained in quarantine from February 10, 1963, to March 8, 1965. He was the first person in the history of the Jumma movement to be imprisoned and imprisoned by the government for the overall welfare of the Jumma people.

In 1965, he passed the BA examination from jail and passed BA. Then he worked as an assistant teacher at Dighinala High School for some time in 1966. Later he worked as a headmaster in Chittagong Railway Colony High School for some time in 1968.

He obtained a B.Ed degree in 1968. He passed LLB in 1969 and joined Chittagong Bar Association, and engaged in the legal profession. In the 1970 provincial elections, he won the North Chittagong Hill Tracts by a large margin as a member of the Legislative Assembly.

Then the war of independence started in March 1971. At that time, he lived a quiet or inactive life without engaging in any political activity.

In 1972, under his leadership, he submitted a four-point demand to the head of government, Sheikh Mujib, demanding unique governance for the Chittagong Hill Tracts. But Sheikh Mujibur Rahman did not give a positive answer to this demand and insulted the representative team in one word.

Artist/Tufan`s Artbin

MN Larma understands that the hill Jumma people will not get any rights from this ruling group. So later, he returned from Dhaka and took the initiative to form 'Jana Sanhati Samiti.' He also felt the need for the Jumma people to have their armed organization and secretly set up an armed organization called 'Gana Mukti Fauj.'

This organization and its activities became so popular among Hill Jumma that people affectionately called it "Shandibaini" or "Shanti Bhahini" in Bengali.

After its inception, the organization suppressed the 'robbery gangs' in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, established schools in the village, and played a role in maintaining law and order in the area.

General elections were held on March 7, 1973, in newly established Bangladesh. Manabendra Narayan Larma was elected as an Assembly Member from the Chittagong Hill Tracts constituency in that election. Then he joined the 'Bakshal' established by Sheikh Mujib.

When Sheikh Mujib was assassinated on August 15, 1975, MN Larma was forced to hide. He later started an armed struggle in secret. In 1976, the Shanti Bhahini launched their first armed attack against the government.

The Congress of JSS, founded by MN Larma, was held from 24 to September 27, 1972. The leadership in this Congress is divided along the line of struggle. MN Larma provides the theory of "a long-term struggle strategically and a quick settlement strategically."

In contrast, the group led by Preeti Kumar presented the theory of "strategically quick settlement." Following the 'foreign aid-dependent policy,' the group raised the issue of establishing rights in the CHT in collaboration with foreign countries.

Disputes between these two streams are not resolved in a 'discussion-criticism' manner but escalate into armed conflict.


On November 10, 1983, he was attacked by the Preeti Group. And he was martyred. Also, six more comrades were martyred along with him.

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